*The following Fearless Friday is a guest post by Bran Mydwynter.*
I don’t have a sweet tooth, really. But there’s only so much turkey or mashed potato I can eat each Thanksgiving before I need a sugary, spicy chaser. (How’s that for a tortured metaphor?) And this year, since I’ve had to go gluten-free, I’m not going to leave it up to fate that there will be a dessert at my not-in-laws I can eat. Thus? This Friday, I went over to Heather’s, and we made pumpkin pie.
Gluten-free pie-making isn’t really a whole lot different from regular pie-making. A lot of the same principles apply; keep the butter cold, drizzle the ice water in slowly, don’t mash the flour and the butter together too much so that the crust will remain flaky. That sort of thing still applies. The difference, really, is that (like any other gluten-free baking) you’ll use more than one kind of flour.
The reason for that, and we can explore this more another time, is that there is no single kind of flour which can easily do all the things you need your wheat-based flour to do. So what you do is use a mix of various types of flour (each with its own useful qualities, like protein content or chewiness) in the hope that, all together, they can approach the qualities you’d want from wheat-based flour.
In this crust, we have white rice flour, which is a nice start, but doesn’t add a whole lot of extra oomph to the dough, and can be gritty with a bit of an aftertaste. So you temper it by adding sorghum flour (which has a nice body to it), cornstarch and tapioca (both of which are light starches, so they won’t contribute any heaviness to the dough, and they lack any aftertaste.) And we add sweet rice flour.
Sweet rice flour, also known as mochi flour or glutinous rice flour (because it’s sticky, not because it has gluten in it) is made from a particular kind of sticky rice popular in various parts of Asia. You can buy it online, but I found mine in an Asian food mart for less than half the price. The best part about baking gluten-free goods with sweet rice flour is the texture it imparts: spongy, moist, and almost like a “real” baked good. I had brownies made with sweet rice flour a few months ago and they were about the best brownies I’d ever had. Ever. This was the first time I’d gotten to bake with it, and I can’t wait to try out all those recipes with it that have been popping up all over the internet lately.
You need an egg for binder, and apple cider vinegar for…well, in this recipe it’s for flavour. Apple cider is used a lot in gluten-free baking to help raise acidity in the dough and add a little bit of leavening with the yeast it contains, but we’re not dealing with a risen dough here. Anyway.
/**So Heather forgot to take an oooh look at the pretty baked pie picture, so you’re stuck with the almost ready to be baked shot ***/
That’s about it for the unconventional pie crust ingredients. Let’s get started.
- 1 cup white rice flour
- 1/2 cup sorghum flour
- 1/4 cup cornstarch
- 1/4 cup tapioca flour
- 3 tablespoons sweet rice flour
- 3 teaspoons sugar
- 1/4 teaspoon salt
- 1 teaspoon good, real cinnamon
- 8 tablespooons (one stick) cold butter
- 1 large egg
- 2 tablespoons apple cider vinegar
- 1/4 cup ice water, or just enough to make the dough not crumble
Cut your butter into small pieces, and cut it into the dry ingredients with two butter knives or a pastry cutter until the dough looks crumbly and none of the chunks of butter are larger than pea-sized. If you work slowly, like I do, put the whole shebang into the fridge for a few minutes so that the butter can harden back up. The quicker you work, and the colder your butter is, the more flaky your crust is going to be.
Once the butter has been cut in, make a little well in the middle and dump in your egg and your apple cider vinegar. Stir all that together with a fork until the dough is evenly wet, trying not to smash too badly all those lovely tiny bits of flour-covered butter. One tablespoon at a time, being adding in your ice water until you can pinch a bit of the dough and the bits will stick together.
Dump this good-smelling mess into the center of a piece of parchment paper -trust me on this; if you use waxed paper the water content in the dough will make it fall apart when you roll it out, and you’ll be picking little bits of waxed paper off your neatly-rolled-out dough. Don’t be like me. Gather it together into a slightly-flatted ball, and cover it with another piece of parchment paper. Press out from the center so that a wide disc of dough (almost as wide as your pie plate) is sandwiched between the two pieces of paper, and pop it into the fridge to chill. Best practice says to let your dough chill in the fridge overnight, but this turned out fine with only an hour or two of refrigeration.
While it is chilling, start preparing your filling. (That rhyme was accidental. I’m leaving it in. I’m that kind of girl.)
- 1 large (about 8″ diameter) or two medium pie pumpkin(s)
- 1 cup sugar
- 1.5 teaspoons ground cinnamon
- 1 teaspoon ground allspice
- 1/2 teaspoon ground ginger
- 1/2 teaspoon of vanilla extract
- 1/2 teaspoon salt
- 4 large eggs
- 1.5 cans (12oz each) of evaporated milk
Preheat your oven for
hey Heather, what did you do it at?
Heather says: 400F
Cut open your pie pumpkin(s) from stem to stern, and scoop out the seeds and stringy innards. Place them face-down on a cookie sheet, and fill that cookie sheet with water. Pop them in the oven for about an hour, or until the pumpkin is soft when pierced by a fork.
Take your dough out of the fridge at this point; you’ll want it to rest in room temperature for about twenty minutes before you use it so it will become malleable enough to roll out.
Scoop the pumpkin from the skin, and let it cool enough to handle.
If it looks a little runnier than the pumpkin puree you’d get from a can, that’s perfectly fine; the recipe takes that into account. You’re going to be using 3 cups of this cooked pumpkin in this recipe. Discard the rest, or use it for another recipe.
Use whatever blending tool you have around (we used a stick blender) to blend the cooked pumpkin to an even consistency.
In a mixing bowl, combine the dry ingredients (sugar, spices, salt). Stir in the eggs, the evaporated milk, and the pumpkin, and make sure they are blended well together. I took the stick blender to it again, not only because it’s fun to use, but also so that the spices were incorporated well into the filling.
Go back to your dough. Roll it out in a circle between the two layers of parchment paper so that it’s thin and wider than your pie plate by a few inches. Take off the top layer, place your plate upside down on top of the rolled out dough and flip it right side up. Peel the second sheet off of the dough, and begin damage control. Smooth out the cracks, press the crust into shape, and make it pretty. You have slightly more leeway with a gluten-free crust than you do with a traditional crust, since the slightly-stickier dough means you can just press back on bits which have fallen off, and generally sculpt your pie crust without worrying about affecting structural integrity.
Pour your pie filling into the pie shell, and bake at 425 F for the first 15 minutes. Then, turn the oven down to 350 F and bake for another 45 to 60 minutes, until the filling no longer jiggles, and a knife inserted into the center comes out clean.
The pie will set as it cools, and your patience will be rewarded.
Did you do anything for Fearless Friday? If so, please feel free to share in the comments. Either share a link to your own blog or tell us in your comment how you pushed your culinary boundaries.