Dear Home-Ec 101,
I’ve read different thoughts on this, but none that I would consider authoritative. So I’m hoping you can help. I have a brand new fleece that I actually dropped some decent coin on (read: not Old Navy). Actually, it’s not all that new, truth be told. I just haven’t washed it at all since I bought it *mumble mumble* months ago because I hate how fleeces look as soon as they start to get pilled up. So ideally what I actually need is to spot it for stains, then wash it, and it somehow (magically) comes out clean and as soft as the day I bought it. Is this possible? It is black, so I’m much more concern about it staying soft than I am about some already difficult to detect stains.
Great question! First let’s look at what fleece is, as that helps explain how to care for the material.
Fleece is a man-made fabric that acts like wool in many ways but only has a fraction of the weight. Like wool, fleece is a great insulator, which is why it was originally called polar fleece when it was first created. Fleece is made from synthetic materials, sometimes from recycled plastics, which I find pretty neat.
During manufacturing the fleece is first woven on a loom, the vertical or warp yarns form the foundation of the material and the horizontally run yarns form the weft. To keep warp and weft straight in your head, remember that weft rhymes with left.
With fleece, the loops are very small and tightly knitted to the warp threads on one side and loose on the other. After the material has been dyed, the side of the fabric with the loops is run over brushes designed to pull the loops apart in a process called napping. This is what gives fleece it’s characteristic soft and fuzzy feel.
All those tiny, tiny synthetic fibers are also what make fleece a bear to care for.
Heat and friction are your enemies.
Both heat and friction will change the feel of fleece by melting or matting those tiny fibers.
Wash your fleece in cold water on the delicate or hand wash cycle and then tumble dry on LOW or simply air dry.
Keep in mind that some fleece, hopefully not in your case, is especially prone to pilling and that the friction generated by everyday wear and tear may be enough to create pilling.
Unfortunately, once the fibers melt and matt the fabric has undergone a change that can be irreversible. You can try to restore some of the texture by using a razor to remove the pilling and by using a wire pet brush and a lot of patience to restore the nap. You’ll want to start in one corner of the item and work in small sections brushing gently to loosen the matting and separating the fibers.
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